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‘Keep the horizon straight’ is one of the important composition rules in photography where the horizon has to be kept parallel to the horizontal side of the frame. Similarly keeping the vertical lines parallel to vertical side of frame creates a balance in the image, there are perspective control (PC) lenses also known as Tilt & Shift lenses which help in overcoming the problem of converging verticals.
A slight tilt is considered as a mistake but an intentional tilt, a deliberate slant where degree of tilt is quite high is the Dutch Tilt or Dutch Angle. Not to be confused with the country Holland or Netherlands, the term ‘Dutch’ originates from ‘Deutsch’ meaning German. So basically Dutch Tilt, Dutch Angle and German Angle are same and used very often in cinematography.
In this technique the camera is set at an angle similar to tilted head where horizon is not parallel to the bottom of the frame. By using the line dynamics, a drama is created in the scene and causes an uneasiness or tension. The eyes, used to seeing the symmetry and balance, notice the drastic change in perspective of the subject.
Using diagonals while composing changes the scene from one point perspective to two point perspective, the subject looks three dimensional. Here either the subject is turned around or camera is moved to see the depth in the subject. In Dutch Tilt, the camera is set at an angle on its roll axis making the lines appear diagonal instead of parallel to the sides of the frame. The angle is quite unique and make a tremendous impact on the viewer and can also lead to abstraction from a definite form or shape. Besides catching the attention, the angle can make the viewer think about the subject and interpret in own way.
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20 under 35, 20under35, 46&2, aaron pinto, Alliance Francaise de Delhi, apparel, architecture, Arjun Rathi, art, art installation, Avinash Jai Singh, communication, design, Design X Design, dhruvsingh, doodlage, exhibition, fashion, GDD, graphic, graphic design, habitat, Iftikhar-mulk Chishti, industrial, interior design, Jodi, kaleekal, katha, Kichu, Meshined, Nishita Kamdar, poochki, product, sealab, Shiva Nallaperumal, Studio IF, studio lagom, textile, tod design, Twenty under 35, twentyunderthirtyfive, woodworker, zero studio
An exhibition is not only about the artworks or products on display, it is also about how these are displayed. Exhibition design is an art in itself and success of a show depends also on the aesthetics involved in the process of showcasing. A good display enhances the visual appeal and makes the whole viewing experience more interactive.
‘Twenty under thirty five’ at Gallerie Romain Rolland, Alliance Francaise de Delhi is a perfect example where the display is meticulously planned for each of the exhibitor and complements the products and installations. Curated by Design X Design, a joint initiative of Alliance Francaise de Delhi and Studio IF, the exhibition is a must visit for anyone related to art and design.
“ Is Indian design recognisable? Is there a vision guiding it? Can tradition and modernity, continuity and change co-exist in it? Is it culturally relevant? Questions such as these are more alive today than ever before. One sure way of gaining an insight into this and more is by looking at the work of young upcoming designers. ‘Design X Design Exhibition: 20under35’ attempts to do just that by sharing the design philosophies, working methods and future aspirations of the twenty shortlisted design practices under the age of thirty-five” – Iftikhar-mulk Chishti, Convener, Design X Design.
From January 24 to February 13, 2018.
Closing walk: Tuesday, February 13, 6pm.
Gallerie Romain Rolland,
Alliance Francaise de Delhi,
72 Lodi Estate, New Delhi.
300 dpi, 300 ppi, 300dpi, 300dpi myth, 300ppi, 72 dpi, 72dpi, fine art printing, graphic design, high resolution photograph, learn photography, megapixels, photography, photography tips, Photography Tutorial, pixel, print quality, printing
For a photographer, designer, advertising agency, publisher or printer, ‘300dpi’ is not an alien term, it is a kind of prerequisite for submission of photographs. From entering a photography contest to submitting images after a professional photo shoot, one comes across this term very often. For most of the people in the industry, 300dpi means high resolution but is it the right equation to describe the resolution of a photograph ?
In the current scenario 300dpi is the most misused term, it is rather incorrect, outdated and incomplete.
DPI is abbreviation for Dots Per Inch, a term which is related to printer dots per inch.
The resolution of a photograph is ascertained by pixels. Pixels are the square, solid colored smallest element of an image file. Camera manufacturers highlight MP-MegaPixels to describe the quality of sensor in the camera.
Megapixels mean million pixels, a 10mp sensor has 10 million pixels which is calculated by multiplying the horizontal pixel dimension with the vertical pixel dimension.
A 10 megapixel photo is 3872 pixels wide by 2592 pixels high
(3872 x 2592 = 10,036,224 pixels = 10 megapixels)
An 18 megapixel photo is 5184 pixels wide by 3456 pixels high
(5184 x 3456 = 17,915,904 pixels = 18 megapixels)
A camera does not give output in dots, only pixels are relevant in a digital image. When the term DPI is used, it really mean Pixels Per Inch or PPI.
When it comes to printing a photograph, even 300ppi is not the complete term, it does not mean anything unless accompanied by the size of the print.
A 6 inches by 4 inches at 300ppi will have 1800 by 1200 pixels ( 6×300 by 4×300) or 2.16mp (1800×1200). A same print at 100ppi will be 600 by 400 pixels and at 200ppi will be 1200 by 800 pixels.
A 12×8 inches print at 300 dpi will be 3600×2400 pixels or 8.64mp
A camera with a resolution of 24.2MP is able to record an image which contains a total of 24160256 pixels. Shot in an image ratio of 3:2 a 24.2MP image would have a resolution of 6016 x 4016 pixels. With this resolution, a print size of 20.05×13.38 inches is possible at 300ppi. At 200ppi the print size will be 30×20 inches and 60×40 inches at 100ppi. At 72ppi the maximum print size without any quality loss can be printed which will be 83.55×55.77 inches with this sensor. Below 72ppi, the print quality will start deteriorating but again it depends on viewing distance, sometimes the big hoardings which are placed at a distance are printed at lower than 72ppi.
So next time if you come across 300dpi ask for print size and do not forget to point out the difference between dpi and ppi.
© Ravi Dhingra
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